Sunday, June 26, 2011

ICAM-1 and release of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators involved in adhesion

Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM), N-terminal domain
Structure Alignment    :    STRAP(Java WebStart application, automatic local installation, requires Java; full application with system access!) Biol.Unit 1 - manually  (Jmol Viewer)
Sequence and Secondary Structure : PDBCartoon
PDB Structure: Cryo-em structure of human coxsackievirus a21 complexed with five domain icam-1kilifi 1z7z
Activated  xenobiotic* (Taxifolin) interactions: parthenolide*, glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) [12]*, andrographolide adhesion*,
Quercetin [13], Flavonoids*  kaempferol, chrysin, apigenin, and luteolin, [18]* cinnamaldehyde, forskolin NFKB*, genistein ICAM1*
Ig-like superfamily ligand Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 ICAM1 [CD54] gene 19p13.3-p13.2: [§§], is a ligand for lymphocyte function-associated (LFA) Cytokine-induced antigens LFA-1, (leukocyte function-associated antigen 1) are drug resistant, and the binding sites for the major group of human rhinoviruses the mechanisms that control localization of marginal zone B cells, bind to the ligands # ICAM1* [VCAM1 [14]  a pathway for adhesion molecule up-regulation (a LPA ^-induced p65 [2] [5] phosphorylation signaling blocked by Rho-kinase-((MCP-1 [3] was suppressed by parthenolide*) by reactive oxygen species, (ROS [10])-induced activation providing a dual regulatory role of CD11b I domain ITGAM in ligand binding.) binds to the integrin very late antigen-4 (VLA-4 alpha4beta1 integrin) by inhibition of LFA-1** downregulation of integrin-mediated adhesion, and induced angiogenic processes such as transmigration [16] (transendothelial-migration), revealed that HGF downregulated suppresses VEGF-mediated expression of transcriptional level ICAM-1. AP-1 [12]* represents a pathway for adhesion molecule up-regulation [alcohol consumption increases ICAM-1 serum levels during inflammatory joint conditions on the ability of PMA-primed T cells to up-regulate endothelial CAM Hyaluronan [6], the main cell surface receptor differentiation antigen-44 (CD44) is a prerequisite for molecules to this process where ICAM-1 plays a role in the surrounding bone matrix [15] and release of eosinophil (EOS)-derived neurotoxin (EDN) accumulation. CD40LG-stimulated macrophages secreting the soluble forms of ICAM1 in the presence of B lymphocytes is in an NFKB*-dependent manner to which B-cell expression and T-cell [21] permissivity in HIV-1 [virus-inducible promoter; the cannabinoid agonist WIN55,212-2 administered at the time of virus infection [9] [19] of blood leukocytes suppresses ICAM-1. Dependent ICAM1 being the strongest inducer of CD80 [18]* expression soluble ICAM1-stimulated B cells induced T cells to be permissive to HIV-1 [20] infection where Nef intersects the CD40 signaling pathway. A mutation K29M (‘ICAM1 Kilifi‘) in the ICAM1 gene is associated with susceptibility to cerebral malaria. Although genetic variants in ICAM5 showed the strongest association with disease status. Cytolytic activity was dependent on LFA-1 beta/ICAM1 interaction and did not involve the gamma delta T-cell antigen receptor (TCR), LFA-3 (CD-58) molecule and the beta 2 integrin LFA-1 through its two N-terminal domains binds to its ligands ICAM-1 closely related to ICAM-3, and were involved in ‘multiple sclerosis lesions’ in industrialized countries. Lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells, release IFN-gamma [reported to upregulate ICAM-1 and release of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators involved in adhesion* [xenobiotic* [7] [13]* Flavonoids*, with anti-inflammatory properties and a wide distribution throughout the plant kingdom, by oxidative stress and cell density. Antibodies [11] ** against ICAM-1 inhibited the ability of T cells to activate macrophages by cell contact, cell-cell interactions that take place in the immune system when (bFGF)-induced down-regulation of endothelial adhesion molecules the phenomenon of anergy can be overcome by inhibitors of angiogenesis.

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